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INTELLIGENCE MAZE-SOLVING BY AN AMOEBOID ORGANISM PDF

Title: Intelligence: Maze-solving by an amoeboid organism. Authors: Nakagaki, Toshiyuki; Yamada, Hiroyasu; Tóth, Ágota. Affiliation: AA(Local Spatio-Temporal . The plasmodium of the slime mould Physarum polycephalum is a large amoeba- like cell consisting of a dendritic network of tube-like structures (pseudopodia). Author(s): Toshiyuki Nakagaki (corresponding author) [1, 2]; Hiroyasu Yamada [1, 2, 3]; Ágota Tóth [4] The plasmodium of the slime mould Physarum.

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You may print and distribute up to copies of this document annually, at no charge, for personal and classroom amoebkid use.

In its growing stage, Physarum polycephalum looks like a giant amoeba that spreads out like a fan, enveloping and eating everything in its path.

Template of a Physarum polycephalum labyrinth. It consumes bacteria and decaying organic matter. Keep in mind as you evaluate how many materials you will need that you will be running at least six trials of this experiment, and they can be run concurrently. For more information, visit these Science Buddies pages: Reproduction of material from this website without written permission is strictly prohibited.

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In this plasmodial stage, Physarum polycephalum orbanism a bright yellow glistening mass that can grow to more than a foot across. There are endless discoveries waiting to be found in the field of biology! In all cases, the Physarum polycephalum chose the path that was the shortest between the two food sources. Digital camera Lab notebook Disclaimer: Four hours after the setting of the agar blocks AGthe dead ends of the plasmodium shrink and the pseudopodia explore all possible connections.

File:Slime mold solves maze.png

See the Materials and Equipment list for details. Write to us at scibuddy sciencebuddies. Our top priority is student learning. Blue lines indicate the shortest paths between two agar blocks containing nutrients: Physarum polycephalum culture kit. Despite their unappealing name, slime molds are fascinating and, for some observers, beautiful organisms.

Here we show that this simple organism has the ability to find the minimum-length solution between two points in a labyrinth. Establish a culture of Physarum polycephalum and determine if it can find the shortest distance between two food sources in a maze. When the researchers placed sugar red at 2 separate points, the mold concentrated most of its mass there and left only the most efficient connection between the two points.

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Intelligence: Maze-solving by an amoeboid organism

Please log in or create a free account to let us know how things went. This paper has been referenced on Twitter 10 times over the past 90 days. This is probably the least understood of the five kingdoms of life; the others being animals, plants, fungi, and bacteria. They form colorful gliding masses as they creep over decaying wood and leaves. Why do grunion fish lay their eggs maze-slving on the moon and orgaanism Variations Try other maze designs.

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Place food moistened oats on an agar plate maze-solvinf a triangle and inoculate the plate with Physarum polycephalum. If you have specific questions about your science fair project or science fair, our team of volunteer scientists can help. Buy Project Supplies from. You will need a Physarum polycephalum culture kit. TorresKyle ThomasLouis F. Biologist Life is all around you in beauty, abundance, and complexity. A particularly interesting and well-studied slime mold is called Physarum polycephalumthe many-headed slime mold.

For any other use, please contact Science Buddies. This work has been released into the public domain by its author, Philcha at English Wikipedia.