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La Guemara. Le Talmud de Babylone. Sanhédrin. Tome 2. [Collectif] on Amazon. com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. pages. in8. broché. Un vol. Get this from a library! La Guemara. [1]. 1, Chabbat, [I-II]. [Élie Munk; Désiré Elbèze;]. , Hebrew, Aramaic, French, Book edition: [Masekhet Betsah] = Traité Beitsa: la Guemara: l’édition classique de Vilna accompagnée de notes explicatives.

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Both activities are represented in the “Gemara” as a literary work. Views Read Edit View history.

If a statement appears obvious, the Gemara seeks the logical reason for its necessity. The main compilers were Revina and Rav Ashi. If a statement is not clear enough, the Gemara seeks to clarify the Mishna’s intention. A sugya will typically comprise a detailed proof-based elaboration of the Guemarw. If a principle is presented as a generalization, the gemara clarifies how much is included; if an exception, how much is excluded.

Le Talmud de Babylone, Roch Hachana

Some of these debates were actually conducted by the Amoraimthough many of them are hypothetically reconstructed by the Talmud’s redactors. The Gemara thus takes the form of a dialectical exchange by contrast, the Mishnah states concluded legal opinions — and often differences in opinion between the Tannaim. The Gemara and the Mishnah together make up the Talmud. Talmud Aramaic words and phrases Oral Torah.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. In a narrow sense, the word Gemara refers to the mastery and transmission of existing tradition, as opposed to sevarawhich means the deriving of new results by logic. In each sugyaeither participant may cite scriptural, Mishnaic and Amoraic proof to build a logical support for their respective opinions. Their discussions were written down in a series of books that became the Gemara, which when combined with the Mishnah constituted the Talmud.


Sometimes the language changes in the middle of a story. What underlying principle is entailed in a statement of fact or in a specific instance brought as an illustration? Prooftexts quoted to corroborate or disprove the respective opinions and theories will include:.

Do certain authorities differ or not? Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Why does the Mishna use one word rather than another?

Retrieved from ” https: There are two versions of the Gemara.

The analysis of the Amoraim is generally focused on clarifying the positions, words and views of the Tannaim. Articles needing additional references from March All articles needing additional references Interlanguage link template link number Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia.

The term “gemara” for the activity of study is far older than its use as a description of any text: Not to be confused with Gamera. The process of deduction required to ghemara a conclusion from a prooftext is often logically complex and indirect. The rabbis of the Gemara are referred to as Amoraim sing. This article needs additional citations for verification. The rabbis of the Mishnah are guemaraa as Tannaim sing. In the Guemaara, a sugya is presented as a series of responsive hypotheses and questions — with the Talmudic text as a record of each step in the process of reasoning and derivation.

Roch Hachana, La Guemara Tome 1

The Talmud thus comprises two components: All statements are examined for internal consistency. This page was last edited on 6 Decemberat Talmud Readers by Adolf Behrman. This analysis is aimed at an exhaustive understanding of the Mishna’s full meaning. The Gemara will often ask where in the Torah the Mishnah derives guemaara particular law.


Gemara – Wikipedia

It seeks to answer gguemara which circumstances a statement is true, and what qualifications are permissible. The gemara records the semantic disagreements between Tannaim and Amoraim. By convention, a reference to the “Gemara” or “Talmud,” without further qualification, refers to the Babylonian version.

If they do, why do they differ?

The distinctive character of the gemara derives largely from the intricate use of argumentation and debate, described above. Exploring the logical principles underlying the Mishnah’s statements, and showing how different understandings of the Mishnah’s reasons could lead to differences in their practical application.

Demonstrating how the Mishnah’s rulings or disputes, derive from interpretations of Biblical texts. From Wikipedia, the free guenara. Often imputing a view to an earlier authority as to how he gusmara have answered a question: The disputants here are termed the makshan questioner, “one who raises a difficulty” and tartzan answerer, “one who puts straight”. Because there are two Gemaras, there are in fact two Talmuds: There is little dialogue.

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